1. Overview

    A far-reaching reform

    The Albanian Government successfully developed and is now implementing the Administrative-Territorial Reform by organizing local government into 61 municipalities. The new territorial organization aims to empower the new municipalities by enhancing their capability to provide high quality and timely services to citizens and increasing the efficiency of local governments’ resource management.

  2. Objective 1: Improving services

    Objective 1: Improving services for citizens at the local level

    The Administrative-Territorial Reform will lead to local governments’ enhanced administrative, professional, and technical efficiency to deliver modern and qualitative services for citizens. The administrative units (ex-communes) will continue to offer basic services for every citizen of the new municipalities.

  3. Objective 2: Maximizing efficiency

    Objective 2: Maximizing efficiency and good governance

    The Administrative-Territorial Reform will lead to enhanced good governance at the local and regional level; efficient service delivery and effective collection of tariffs and fees by local governments; greater ability to promote and encourage sustainable local economic development.

  4. Objective 3: Empowering local governments

    Objective 3: Empowering local and regional
    governments, citizens and communities

    The Administrative-Territorial Reform will empower local and regional governments by decentralizing more functions and competencies and allocating more public funds to them. The 61 new municipalities will have more opportunities to take part in international cooperation projects; absorb more funds from EU and other donors; and enjoy larger bargaining power vis-à-vis the central government, as well as a greater scope for inter-municipal cooperation.

  5. Stakeholders

    An inclusive reform

    The Albanian Government developed and nurtured a platform for close and meaningful cooperation among all stakeholders of the Administrative-Territorial Reform and complied with the highest standards of inclusiveness and transparency. 20,341 citizens, representatives of public institutions and independent agencies, local government, civil society, private sector, media, as well as international organizations and programs, participated in the consultation process.



STAR2 Project-Support to Territorial and Administrative Reform

The Government of Albania since September 2013 started implementation of an administrative and territorial reform aiming the reorganization of local governments units. On July, 31 2014, the Parliament approved the law 115/2014 “On the territorial and administrative division of local government units in the Republic of Albania” reducing the number of LGUs from 384 to 61 municipalities. This law entered into force after local elections held in June 2015, and since then the local government in Albania operates through 61 municipalities, which have assumed the responsibilities and challenges of managing local public matters. This process has benefited from the support of the STAR project.
The consolidation of the newly established 61 municipalities resulting from the administrative and territorial reform is an immediate and pressing priority to be addressed for ensuring a well-functioning local government and increasing service delivery, service expansion to rural and suburban areas .
The present STAR2 project is developed in continuity of the results of its predecessor STAR as well as in complementarity with the assistance of various partners for strengthening the institutional and administrative capacities at local level. In full account of the considerations, STAR2 project will have a national coverage and benefit at all 61 LGUs.
The overall development objective of STAR2 is to ensure functionality, recognized by men and women, of the newly established local governments, so that local administrative and service delivery outcomes are effective, qualitative, participatory, and inclusive, and correspond to evolving decentralized competencies and responsibilities.
The 3 mains objectives/components of STAR 2 project are:
1. Strengthened institutional and administrative capacities of local administrations.
2. Increased local service delivery efficiency, quality, coverage, accessibility and inclusiveness for men and women.
3. Enhanced local democracy through fostering citizen-oriented governance and participatory decision-making, leveraging the role of woman as actors of change.
STAR 2 builds on the national commitment to reform and strengthen local governance and public administration in general, enhance the efficiency and transparency of public institutions for an effective response to public expectations and fight against corruption, make citizens central to service delivery transformation and modernization, and create climate of trust, cooperation and democratic decision-making for a healthy and sustainable development.
STAR 2 proposes to follow the same implementation arrangements of its predecessor, STAR1. Therefore, pooled fund contributions will be managed in accordance with UNDP’s rules and procedures for project management, with UNDP having a fiduciary responsibility for complying with the applicable rules for financial management and reporting. The Government/ Minister of State for Local Issues will retain the responsibility and the leading role in expenditure decisions and coordination of various activities, in consultation with the project Steering Committee composed by project donors, implementing beneficiaries including associations of LGU’s.
The project will include all 61 local government units, attempting to provide or ensure all municipalities are in receipt of coherent and adequate assistance with regard to areas relevant to project objectives.
The project will rely on good practices and upscale them to all local governance units. The project will also strive to complement different national or international partner/s initiatives through working on adjacent assistance topics that need to be addressed for ensuring comprehensive body of capacity building or through inclusion of a larger number of beneficiaries benefiting from the available assistance in order to contribute to creating a critical mass of skills within local administrations.
The project will assist in strengthening institutional and administrative capacities of LGU’s, by organizing training to mayors, local top officials, capacity building on leadership. 800 days of training will be organized during STAR2 project, with the participation of 7000 employees.
STAR 2 will also sustain the process of improving local government service management and delivery. The output will address support for improved administrative and financial management of service delivery, including those deriving from the recent delegation of new competences to the local level. A general capacity building effort will be provided to the relevant leading staff to improve the way services are to be planned, managed and delivered.
The new administrative and territorial division in Albania has reduced the number of local governments, making the administration of territory, now a large unit of urban, in this context, the development of One Stop Shop models is a necessity for more efficient services. STAR 2 assumes the challenge to support the scaling up of the OSSH approach in all the remaining administrative units.
STAR 2 will support the nationwide adoption of the digitalization of local government archives. This system will help in increasing transparency and data accuracy. This output relies on the piloting results achieved during the implementation of STAR1.
A local governance mapping is being implemented in 61 municipalities, “The evaluation of the situation of local governance”, a performance measurement on how people exercise local governance and how local governance gaps are seen from different perspectives. For this exercise are used a range of tools such as: citizen interviews, service provider interviews, community dialogues, focus groups. The evaluation if oriented in this key components:effectiveness, transparency and low implementation, accountability and citizens participatory. The project will pay particular attention to promote producing and usage of data disaggregated by gender and subpopulation groups as well as their systematic dissemination and use of evidence at local and national levels so as to ensure that services are addressing disparities experienced by vulnerable groups . Attention will be devoted to the concerns of vulnerable groups in order to ensure that their voice is heard while shaping and moulding systems of public services or recommending participatory mechanisms. STAR 2 will promote gender mainstreaming in all its activities throughout the implementation.
Environmental and social concerns will be an integral part of design and implementation of capacity building, system development and scaling up activities, especially when they pertain to environmentally or socially interventions, such as in the case of review of public utility services, urban and territorial planning, waste management, irrigation and drainage, forest and pasture, and fire protection.
The project will be instrumental in promoting new technologies, e-government and e-services, that have the potential of making local governments more efficient, transparent and accessible by the public.
"Support to Territorial and Administrative Reform" (STAR) 2 enjoys support by a number of international development partners through a pooled funding mechanism. International partners include: the European Union, the Government of Sweden through Swedish International Development Agency, the Government of Italy through Italian Development Cooperation, Swiss Government through Swiss Development Cooperation, the United States through the United States Agency for International Development and UNDP.


MAP - 61 LGUs

61 bashki

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Technical Secretariat

Bulevardi “Dëshmorët e Kombit”
Tirana, Albania

+355 42 277561
Email: info@rat.al